Posts tagged ‘asthma mnemonic’

November 21, 2008

Asthma medical mnemonics

Asthma treatment medical mnemonic for USMLE and NCLEX takers.

Adrenergics
Steroids
Theophyllines(although not used as much now though)
Hydration
Mask

Asthma: precipitating factors for acute attack

DIPLOMAT:
Drugs (aspirin, NSAIDs, beta blockers, etc)
Infections (URTI/LRTI)
Pollutants (at home, at work)
Laughter(emotion)
O
esophageal reflux (nocturnal asthma)
Mites
Activity and exercise
Temperature (cold)

Asthma acute attack: 5 life threatening signs SHOCK:
Silent chest
Hypotension
One third of best/predicted PFR
Cyanosis
Konfusion

Asthma: management of acute severe O S#!T:
Oxygen (high dose: >60%)
Salbutamol (5mg via oxygen-driven nebuliser)
Hydrocortisone (or prednisolone)
Ipratropium bromide (if life threatening)
Theophylline (or preferably aminophylline-if life threatening)

Wheezing: causes ASTHMA :
A
sthma
Small airways disease
Tracheal obstruction
Heart failure
Mastocytosis or carcinoid
Anaphylaxis or allergy

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